UI Preparation of Universal Apps

To me, one of the most un-willing task for making universal iOS apps is to prepare the UI of iPad. Because I have to re-do everything that I’ve done for the iPhone UI, such as putting UI elements, setting UI constrains, connecting IBOutlets, setting IBActions…etc. I just boringly repeating my self…

Xcode didn’t provide any function to “migrate” an iPhone storyboard to iPad. However I saw a thread in Stack Overflow discussing how to do it manually. After experimenting myself, here summarised what I’ve done:

  1. Duplicate the iPhone storyboard and rename it Main_iPad.storyboard

  2. Right click and choose “Open As” -> “Source Code”

  3. Search for targetRuntime=”iOS.CocoaTouch”and change it to targetRuntime=”iOS.CocoaTouch.iPad”

  4. Replace <simulatedScreenMetrics key=”destination” type=”retina4″/> to <simulatedScreenMetrics key=”destination”/>

  5. Save everything and restart Xcode.

  6. In your target’s General tab, choose your newly edited storyboard in the iPad’s “Main Interface” setting.

Though we still need to adjust the size of the UI elements to fit into the iPad screen size, it saves us tremendous amount of time as all the outlets / connections / UI elements / constrains are there already!!

Play Audio While the Silent Switch is ON

I’d receive emails from time to time complaining my apps that have no sound. However, its actually caused by the user turing on the Silent Switch…

To enable audio playing even when the user turned on the silent switch. Simply put the following code in your app delegate while its launching.

[code lang=objc]
AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
[audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback error:nil];
[audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback withOptions:AVAudioSessionCategoryOptionMixWithOthers error:nil];
[audioSession setActive:YES error:nil];


The AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback category enable your app to play audio while silent switch is on (and even the screen is locked). AVAudioSessionCategoryOptionMixWithOthers allow your audio to mix with other audio from other apps, and of course, its optional.

Mute Checking in iOS7

Up to iOS 7 there is no simple API to check whether the user switched on the mute button(silent switch) or not…

Sharkfood produced a class to constantly check if a user switched on the mute button.

The idea is playing a short(0.2 sec) muted sound file using AudioServices. If it takes longer then 0.2 sec to complete, mute button is off. Otherwise if it finished very soon, say shorter then 0.1 sec, mute button is on.

However, in most case I don’t need to keep checking mute in the run loop. I just want to know if it is muted while the user start playing some audio. So I modified it and made a class, named MuteChecker, to check it on-demand.

Also, it will call a completion block after checking. So you can put whatever logic you like for the checking result.

To use it, you just simply initialise it with a completion block.

[code lang=objc]
self.muteChecker = [[MuteChecker alloc] initWithCompletionBlk:^(NSTimeInterval lapse, BOOL muted) {

The “lapse” parameter return the time used for playing the checking sound.

The “muted” parameter will return YES if the time lapse is < 0.1 sec.

To start checking, call

[code lang=objc]
[_muteChecker check];

and your result will be reflected by the completion block.

You can download a sample project here.